Key facts about ADHD

Having a few simple facts to hand when explaining ADHD can be very useful. Here are a few to help you in those conversations.

  • ADHD is real – ADHD is a scientifically proven and established biological condition affecting the brain. It does not have anything to do with bad parenting or naughty children. Research and imaging has shown differences in specific areas of the brain in people with ADHD.
  • ADHD is prevalent across the population – ADHD is a non-discriminatory condition affecting people of every age, gender, IQ, religious and socio-economic background. Research has shown a strong genetic link and found that 80% of children with ADHD have a parent with ADHD. Other causes continue to be researched.
  • Diagnosing ADHD is a complex process – The diagnosis needs to be carried out by an expert and for a diagnosis of ADHD to be considered, the person must exhibit core symptoms (inattentiveness, impulsiveness, hyperactivity), demonstrate significant problems with daily life in several life areas (work, school, or friends) and have had the symptoms for a minimum of six months. 
  • People with ADHD can have other conditions too – People with ADHD can have several other conditions at the same time such as dyslexia, dyspraxia, autism, sensory integration issues and OCD to mention a few. These coexisting conditions may be referred to as comorbidities.
  • ADHD treatment is multi-faceted – As each individual is different, treatments can vary but a person with ADHD usually receives a combination of treatments.  These could include medication, sensory integration occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, behavioural management, educational support and a healthy life style (exercise and diet). Medication alone does not cure ADHD